Simulation of Symbol Error Rate Vs SNR performance … – M-QAM Modulation: In M-ASK modulation the information symbols (each k=log2(M) bit wide) are encoded into the amplitude of the sinusoidal carrier. In M-PSK modulation ……

Symbol Error Rate (SER) for QPSK (4-QAM) modulation – The theoretical symbol error rate for QPSK (4-QAM) in additive white gaussian noise is derived and simulation plots using Matlab/Octave scripts show agreement with ……

The Error Rate Calculation block compares input data from a transmitter with input data from a receiver….

In digital communications, symbol rate (also known as baud or modulation rate) is the number of symbol changes (waveform changes or signalling events) made to the ……

The theoretical symbol error rate for 16-QAM modulation is derived for additive white gaussian noise channel, further elaborated using Matlab/Octave simulation script….